Cyber Security Vs Ethical Hacking

When you hear the word ‘hacker,’ you might automatically associate it with someone who has broken into your computer system and stolen personal information, passwords, bank details, and even your identity. But, there is another side to hackers that you may never have heard of before.

The term hacker refers to anyone interested in learning more about the workings of computers and software. They are also called white hat hackers because they do their research on a company’s systems ahead of any attack.

These people get themself trained by learning Cyber security to ensure that they don’t leave behind anything damaging when they break into other people’s systems. On the other side, ethical hacking is part of cyber security.

In this article, we will highlight the differences between cyber security and ethical hacking to understand better what they mean and how they differ from each other.


Cyber Security Vs Ethical Hacking

Cyber SecurityEthical Hacking
It deals with the protection of your data and your computer from malicious activities and recognizes and resolves all security problems.Ethical Hacking aims to discover vulnerabilities in the system and report them to the owner.
Cyber Security term mainly focuses on how to protect the systemEthical Hacking can be done in many ways, such as using a bug bounty program, a pen test, or penetration testing.
Cyber Security is a broad term that includes various security techniquesEthical Hacking is part of Cyber Security
It offers professions like cyber security analyst, SOC Engineer, CISO, and many more.The primary focus of Ethical Hacking is on how to attack the system
It is responsible for developing access privileges for a systemPenetration Tester and Security Manager are the major Ethical Hacking roles
It identifies problems and protects the system from security breaches.It is responsible for reporting “How the hack was performed.”
It analyzes issues and detects security violations.Penetration testing is a process of identifying the weaknesses or vulnerabilities of a system.

Define Cyber Security

Cyber security is a broad term that protects information technology (IT) systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. Cyber security aims to prevent data loss, privacy, money, reputations, and lives.

There are many different ways to protect IT systems. One of the most important methods of protecting your computer system is by using a firewall.

A firewall acts like an electronic gatekeeper between the outside world and the inside network. If someone tries to break into the system, the firewall stops them. Firewalls can be set up to block all incoming connections or just specific ports.

Another method of preventing hackers from breaking in is to install anti-virus software on your computers. Anti-virus programs scan files for viruses and remove any threats that are found.

Yet another way to protect your system is to ensure that you have the latest updates for the operating system. This is a good idea because the more updated your operating system is, the better it is at detecting potential problems before they occur.

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What Is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is a term that refers to the practice of breaking into computer systems without permission. This can be done using various methods, such as social engineering, physical access, software exploits, or other means available.

This activity is usually illegal, but many companies hire hackers to break into their networks to protect them from cyber-attacks. However, this method can also cause a lot of damage. It could lead to theft of personal information or, even worse, the loss of money or property.

There are several ethical hacking courses that you can take online. Some of these programs include training in penetration testing and web application security.

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Roles of a Cyber Security Expert and an Ethical Hacker

Cyber Security experts are responsible for protecting the company’s system from hackers and other cyber threats. Moreover,Cyber Security experts are responsible for performing security tests on the system and also educating employees about cyber security. 

On the other side, An ethical hacker is a person who attacks computer systems with the intent of finding vulnerabilities and fixing them rather than damaging or stealing data. Ethical hackers are also called white hat hackers because they wear white hats while working on their assignments.

Here is the list of roles of a cyber security expert:

  • Analyze the risks associated with a particular system.
  • Conduct vulnerability assessments and penetration testing.
  • Implement effective countermeasures.
  • Ensure compliance with various laws and regulations related to cybersecurity.
  • Monitor the security of an IT system
  • Protect a network from malicious attacks.
  • Set up firewalls and intrusion-detection systems.
  • Perform risk assessments for companies’ internal and external networks.

Below are the key roles of an Ethical Hacker:

  • An Ethical Hacker tests a system to find vulnerabilities that malicious hackers could exploit.
  • Perform vulnerability assessments and penetration testing to determine if there are any security gaps in an organization’s network.
  • The ethical hacker will then report the findings of their tests to the company so that they can be fixed immediately.
  • Perform black box and white box testing to evaluating the security of an application by simulating real attack scenarios.

After understanding the roles of a Cyber Security expert and an Ethical Hacker, Let’s get into the details of what an Ethical Hacker and cyber security expert do and which career option choose from them.

Career Opportunity in Cyber Security

Cyber Security is a growing employment field and one of the most in-demand professions today. Cyber Security has become a multidisciplinary field and requires skills from different areas such as computer science, engineering, and management.

Moreover, a successful career in Cyber Security can be made with just an undergraduate degree; however, many employers prefer candidates with advanced degrees or certifications.

Here are some of the career opportunities post completing your cyber security education:

  • Network Security Engineer
  • Cyber Security Analyst
  • Security Architect
  • Cyber Security Manager
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)
  • Affordable Fee with EMI Options

Career Opportunity in Ethical Hacker

If you want to get started in the field of Ethical hacking, you’ll first need to learn about It. You can do this online, or you could go to a local Ethical hacking training Institute. You will also need to complete a certification program.

Post completing your training, you will be ready to apply for jobs. Here are some job roles you, an Ethical hacker, can apply for.

  • Information Security Analyst.
  • Security Analyst.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Ethical Hacker
  • Information Security Manager.
  • Penetration Tester.

The salary expectation of a Cyber Security Expert

The salary of a cyber security expert varies from one industry to another. For instance, the average salary for a cyber security analyst in India ranges from 7 lac per annum to 25lac per annum.

On the other side, in the USA, the salary of a cyber security expert ranges from US$10,000 to US$35,000. However, this salary entirely depends on the merit, experience of the candidate, qualifications, and the company.

The salary expectation of an Ethical Hacker

Regarding the salary of an Ethical hacker, the average for an Ethical hacker in India ranges from 5 lac per annum to 15 lac per annum.

On the other side, in the USA, the salary of a cyber security expert ranges from US$5,000 to US$20,000. Once again, this salary entirely depends on the merit, experience of the candidate, qualifications, and the company.


In this article, I have covered a few of the essential aspects that should be considered before you make your decision. I hope you understand the two clearly, and it’s time to decide which one you want to pursue.

Ethical hacking is a lucrative career path, but it takes time and dedication to master. If you are searching for an exciting cyber security career, becoming an ethical hacker could be your best bet!

However, becoming a cyber security professional could be the right choice if you seek a more stable career. The decision is up to you and can only be made after carefully considering all the pros and cons.

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